Friday, May 22, 2020

3 Causes of Deindustrialization

Deindustrialization is the process by which manufacturing declines in a society or region as a proportion of total economic activity. It is the opposite of industrialization, and therefore sometimes represents a step backward in the growth of a society’s economy. Causes of Deindustrialization There are a number of reasons why a society might experience a reduction in manufacturing and other heavy industry. A consistent decline in employment in manufacturing, due to social conditions that make such activity impossible (states of war or environmental upheaval). Manufacturing requires access to natural resources and raw materials, without which production would be impossible. At the same time, the rise of industrial activity has done great harm to the very natural resources on which industry depends. In China, for example, industrial activity is responsible for record levels of water depletion and pollution, and in 2014 more than a quarter of the countrys key rivers were deemed unfit for human contact. The consequences of this environmental degradation are making it more difficult for China to sustain its industrial output. The same is happening in other parts of the world where pollution is on the rise.A shift from manufacturing to service sectors of the economy. As countries develop, manufacturing often declines as production is shifted to trading partners where the costs of labor are l ower. This is what happened to the garment industry in the United States. According to a 2016 report by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, apparel experienced the largest decrease among all manufacturing industries with a decrease of 85 percent [over the last 25 years]. Americans are still buying as many clothes as ever, but most apparel companies have moved production overseas. The result is a relative shift in employment from the manufacturing sector to the service sector.A trade deficit whose effects preclude investment in manufacturing. When a country purchases more goods than it sells, it experiences a trade imbalance, which can reduce the resources needed to support domestic manufacturing and other production. In most cases, the trade deficit must become severe before it begins to have a negative effect on manufacturing. Is Deindustrialization Always a Negative? It is easy to view deindustrialization as the result of a suffering economy. In some cases, though, the phenomenon is actually the result of a maturing economy. In the United States, for example, the â€Å"jobless recovery† from the financial crisis of 2008 resulted in deindustrialization without an actual decline in economic activity. Economists Christos Pitelis and Nicholas Antonakis suggest that improved productivity in manufacturing (due to new technology and other efficiencies) leads to a reduction in the cost of goods; these goods then make up a smaller relative portion of the economy in terms of overall GDP. In other words, deindustrialization is not always what it looks like. An apparent reduction may in fact just be the result of increased productivity relative to other economic sectors. Similarly, changes in the economy like those brought about by free trade agreements may lead to a decline in domestic manufacturing. However, these changes usually have no adverse effects on the health of multinational corporations with the resources to outsource manufacturing.

Friday, May 8, 2020

Essay on Abortion The Solution to Overpopulation - 691 Words

For centuries, people have longed for an effective means of birth control. Before birth control pills and surgery, there was no way of preventing a pregnancy. However, if women did get pregnant, they could choose to have an abortion. In early societies, unwanted children were often disposed of after they were born. Infanticide was common. Sometimes babies were killed outright and other times they were simply abandoned. In 1973, abortion was legalized in the United States by the Supreme Court’s decision on the case Roe vs. Wade and it has become one of the most controversial topics in America ever since then. This case divided the nation into two groups, pro-life and pro-choice. The term pro-life refers to the groups of people that oppose†¦show more content†¦They morally argue that a woman should be able to do with her body as she pleases. Pro-choice supporters also argue that a fetus is not a human and its rights should not override that of the mother’s. In today’s society, it does not matter whether a person is right or wrong just as long as they can justify their actions to make them look and feel good. Justifying something is used as a means to back our decision so people will not criticize or hurt us. Most people think it is okay just as long it does not cause them pain. The moral view a person holds is found to be the largest argument backing their decision to oppose or support abortion. Is it morally all right to kill a human being? Is it morally all right to tell a woman she has no control over her body? These are two of the many questions people may ask themselves when deciding on which side to support. Before focusing on these moral arguments, it is worth noticing that abortion raises emotional problems. Many people are personally affected by abortion, or fear they may need to resort to abortion at some time in the future. It is tempting to bypass the moral question altogether, by saying that abortion is a fact of life for women. Most women have commitments and duties that are not always compatible with having a child at anytime. Women need to be able to plan out their lives just as men do without the fear ofShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Essay On Abortion1635 Words   |  7 PagesWhat is overpopulation? Overpopulation has been defined as a situati on where the number of people in an environment exhausts all available resources weakening its needed support. (Morse Mosher) For years there have been reports of how many people are expected to live on earth by the year 2050, 2075, and so on. However, the question remains as to whether everyone will have a secured spot. Today, in 2017 there have been plenty of fights with the scarcity of resources, where overpopulation becomesRead MoreShould Abortion Be Legal?874 Words   |  4 Pages Abortion has and always will be an extremely controversial issue in American politics. Some believe that having an abortion is a completely normal and reasonable way of preventing unnecessary life, like birth control. Others believe this is murder and should be stopped at all costs. In my opinion, I believe that abortion is a woman’s choice and no one should be able to tell a woman how to manage her body. Legal abortion is a natural and responsible way to provide safety to woman and an unborn childRead MoreOverpopulation Crisis1246 Words   |  5 PagesThere are several contributing factors to the overpopulation crisis, however, with changes these factors could also be part of the solution. A few of these factors are discussed in an interview with Melanie Asriel, the Psychological Sciences Instructor at WKU of Glasgow, Kentucky. According to Melanie Asriel, â€Å"The lack of family planning and contraceptive use has contributed to this problem†¦contraception, educati on, and the including of available abortion†¦all kinds of education, such as, sex educationRead MorePersuasive Essay On Overpopulation1535 Words   |  7 Pageseventually led to a growing population. Now that humans thrive in a sedentary life, the threats that once affected early humans have returned. The environment and inhabitants of this planet are affected by consequences brought upon by humans. Overpopulation is an issue that affects everyone on earth, and even though it may not affect everyone s daily life, it has affected the poor and developing countries. There is a gap between countries of modern ways and societal development that affects theRead MoreOverpopulation Essay1193 Words   |  5 PagesOverpopulation can be described as a situation where the number of people exhausts the resources in a closed environment such that it can no longer support that population. I would like to begin with a scenario given by Anne Morse and Steven Mosher of the Population Research Institute- Imagine that someone locked us in our offices. Nothing allowed in or out. We would use the available resources very quickly. The office would have too many people for its natural resources. Should we start eliminatingRead MoreThe Issue Of Abortion And Abortion Essay1567 Words   |  7 Pages The issue of abortion is a controversial one; there are arguments on both sides of the debate. In 1973 the national case of Roe v. Wade, sparked political decisions that created a national right to abortion. Further, Roe v. Wade declared that unborn children are not `persons nor are they entitled to the same constitutional protection as `born children (Baird, Rosenbaum, 2001). However, Roe v. Wade did not end the debate, nor, did it stop both sides for continuing the fight for their individualRead MoreThe Article Over Population Is Not The Problem `` New York Times892 Words   |  4 Pagesundermining the life support that sustains us. (Ellis) We are living beyond our means and are increasingly doing so as our population expands. This is a serious problem with major implications for future generations. However, there is many ways to curb overpopulation, one of them being women empowerment. Women’s empowerment has four proportions: having control over their own body, educati on, radical and monetary. So, what can be done about human population growth? Can we really change population trends? IfRead MoreEssay On Overpopulation1683 Words   |  7 Pagesrapidly growing population leading to overpopulation, such as an increase in hunger, a loss of land, and a loss of resources received from the land. We will discuss when the problem began and the history of how fast the world’s population has multiplied from the lack of contraception assistance due to cost or availability; consequently, resulting in the overpopulation problem. Furthermore, I will purpose the righting of these problems will contribute to the solution. Moreover, we will discuss who andRead MoreOverpopulation Is A Problem Of Overpopulation1529 Words   |  7 Pagesthe whole humankind. Overpopulation is a problem that every nation is facing but sometimes over looked by due to lack of understanding and awareness. This is a serious issue that should be taken care of immediately. Overpopulation is an undesirable situation where the number of existing human populace surpasses the carrying capability of Earth. There are main factors that are contributing overpopulation such as the rising birth rate and declining of mortality rate. Overpopulation occurs when the birthRead MoreEssay on Abortion: Women Should have a Choice1304 Words   |  6 Pages The issue of abortion is a controversial one; there are arguments on both sides of the debate. In 1973 the national case of Roe v. Wade, sparked political decisions that created a national right to abortion. Further, Roe v. Wade declared that unborn children are not `persons nor are they entitled to the same constitutional protection as `born children (Baird, Rosenbaum, 2001). However, Roe v. Wade did not end the debate, nor, did it stop both sides for continuing the fight for their individual

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Drugs and Its Effects Free Essays

A drug is a substance which has a discernible physiological effect when taken into the body. These chemicals change the functions of the central nervous system (CNS), providing temporary relief from mental, physical and social problems. Usage of a drug over a period of time often results in dependence and tolerance of the drug. We will write a custom essay sample on Drugs and Its Effects or any similar topic only for you Order Now The user experiences physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms when attempts are made to quit the drug. Tolerance refers to the increased ability of the body to tolerate the drug without ill effects. Due to drugs having the capacity to enhance performance, they are often used recreationally and abused. This leads to addiction which can potentially destroy lives. Drugs which alter behavior could be categorized as stimulants, hallucinogens and depressants. Stimulants are a class of drug which can alter the way in which someone behaves by stimulating the central nervous systems. In other words, they increase the activity of the brain resulting in increased alertness physical activity, productivity, endurance and motivation. Stimulants include amphetamines, called ‘uppers’, cocaine and nicotine. Users usually find relaxation and rest impossible and tend to have no appetite. Moreover, side effects may include muscle spasms, chest pain, nausea, and blurred vision due to an overworked heart and the subsequent high blood pressure. During World War II, stimulants were extensively used by soldiers to maintain alertness. By then, various forms of the drug were readily available such as methamphetamine. Today however, due to its side effects and addictive properties, possession and usage have been made illegal and doctor prescriptions have been significantly reduced. Hallucinogens are a class of drugs which cause an alteration in perception, thought, or mood. Examples of hallucinogens drugs include marijuana, magic mushrooms and cannabis. These drugs distort sensory perception by interfering with the activity of acetylcholine, norepinaphrine, or serotonin. Hallucinogenic drugs are among the oldest known group of drugs used for their ability to alter human perception and mood. Effects of hallucinogens include perceptual distortion, increased heart rate, nausea, weaknesses and hearing, touching and seeing things that don’t exist. The effects of hallucinogens take place within half an hour and last for several hours. Depressants are a group of drugs which temporarily diminish the function or activity of a specific part of the body or mind. Depressants are described as psychoactive drugs that slow down one’s Central Nervous System (CNS), thus they are referred to as â€Å"downers†. These types of drugs are used as prescribed medication as well as illicit substances and can be dangerous. Depressants include alcohol, barbiturates and tranquillizers. Barbiturates and benzodiazepines are the two major categories of depressants used as medicine. Benzodiazepines that are commonly used such as Diazepam (Valium) and Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) were developed as a safe alternative to barbiturates to treat insomnia and anxiety but are now a major category of abused drugs. The prolonged use of these drugs can result in tolerance. In addition, the sudden withdrawal from these drugs by habitual users may result in physical withdrawal symptoms such as insomnia, nausea, headaches, weakness and blood pressure drops. This may consequently lead to a coma and or death. Drugs which alter behavior could be categorized as stimulants, hallucinogens and depressants. The use of each type of drug results in an alteration of the Central Nervous System. Stimulants tend to affect the Central Nervous System by stimulating ones brain hence altering ones behavior. Hallucinogens are known to distort one’s senses by causing changes in perception, thought, and emotion. On the other hand, depressants have the opposite effect of stimulants. Depressants tend to temporarily slow down the function or activity of a particular part of the mind or body. Although some types of these drugs are acquired legally, they are often abused. How to cite Drugs and Its Effects, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Sports Salaries Essays - Employment Compensation,

Sports Salaries Most people in America feel that pro athlete's salaries are too high. Current sports salaries are reaching astronomical figures. Players are signing 50 million-dollar contracts and up just because they happen to be pretty good at hitting a baseball. Just the other day Kevin Brown signed a contract worth over 100 million! Now pro sports are fun to watch and follow, but college games entertain just as well and they aren't receiving a legal penny. Down south, people like college sports more than professional sports. Player's don't Ned to be paid exorbitant amounts of money. The economics involved in sports today hurts the fans, some teams, and the leagues themselves. The sports leagues can actually be hurt by there own actions. The current NBA lockout is a prime example of money ruining what looked to be a fine year. The owners are locking out the players until they can settle on a bunch of points. The baseball strike a few years back obviously hurt baseball, and this lockout might hurt basketball also. John Donovan from CNN/SI summed it up perfectly, "You have greedy owners and you have greedy players, all of them fighting over absurd amounts of money. And, in the end, it's the fans who get screwed" (Donovan 1). One dispute between the two sides is the "Larry Bird Exception". This rule basically allows teams to ignore the salary cap and re sign a veteran at any price. Michael Jordan alone makes 6 million more than the team salary cap. The owners want this modified because some teams are just too good. The players don't want to budge on this issue. Their side on this is that there is no middle class because of the salary cap. This is a very good point. Salary caps are important to keep teams close, but that leaves great players making millions while the good players make too little. The owners are trying to get the most money out of their team but in the mean time nobody is watching their team play and the profit is zero. Money problems have and will continue to scar sports and more importantly the fans. What should you tell a little kid who loves basketball, when his favorite player is playing golf somewhere instead. High price players effect fans more than you might think. According to Richard Amrhine, "The Los Angeles Lakers offered Shaquille O'Neal $123 million over seven years. The deal will help push tickets for the so-called cheap seats at the LA Forum from $9 to $20." That is ridiculous, now the average family has to spend a fortune just to go see a game. Relocation seems to be the new thing for teams to do. In order for a team to be good they must buy good players. If they don't make a profit they must move. The best example of this would be the Cleveland Browns. Despite having some of the most loyal fans in the world, the owner decided to move to Baltimore, where they could hopefully make a profit. Once again money problems stemming from high salaries comes between fans and their beloved game. If the trend in sports doesn't change, I would have to think that attendance is going to drop. Sports popularity is soaring but more and more people are going to have to watch the games on the TV. Prices for tickets are rising pretty steadily and there are more and more premium seats being placed around the arenas. How can the average family afford to go to a game when for 4 people it will cost well over $100. And then you can factor in the absurd prices for food and drinks. Pro sports may soon become entertainment for the rich. The way sports are set up today money is a huge part of how successful the team is. It has often been said that you can buy yourself a World Series Championship and to a certain extent it is true. A couple years ago the Florida Marlins bought many high priced players, putting them at the top of the salary list. They won the World Series that year and then totally dismantled the team. The next year the Marlins were one of the worst teams in the league. Even though Florida did win with money it doesn't always work out. Last year the Baltimore Orioles had the highest payroll, but they didn't even make the playoffs. High priced players don't always equal high talent. In spite of the fact

Friday, March 20, 2020

22 Reasons Being a Nurse is Really Hard

22 Reasons Being a Nurse is Really Hard You’re a nurse. You want to be a nurse. You know someone who’s a nurse. No matter what your connection to nursing, we’re here to tell you just how hard it is for these folks who strive daily to keep us all alive and well. There’s no question about it, being a nurse is really hard. Here are 22 prime examples of just how hard nursing can be.Nurses Must Have Extreme Confidence at All Times1. They routinely have to make life-and-death decisions for multiple patients at a time, often with little notice or preparation, i.e. a five-minute shift report.2. They can get transferred to a wing or department for a day (that they know almost nothing about) and be expected to act as though they’ve been at it for 20 years.Nurses Have Encyclopedic Knowledge and Stellar Memory3. They’ll get berated by a doctor for the one thing they forgot, but never thanked for the 1001 things they manage to hold in their head throughout a shift.4. They have to know all there is to know about 18,000+ medications: etiology, classification, contraindications, dosage, allergies, etc.5. They need to be able to determine the significance of lab results and decide whether to bring in a doctor in the middle of the night if there are obscure abnormalities in your bloodwork or tests.6. They actually read the research findings taped to the back of the bathroom stall door by the higher-ups.7. No matter how old they are, they’re often asked to learn whole new software systems from scratch.8. They can take your pulse with nothing but their fingers and a watch in 15 seconds flat.Nurses are Caretakers of Everyone Around Them†¦9. They have to figure out what to feed themselves and their families while they’re cleaning out your catheters and bedpans.10. They have to manage care- PT, OT, radiology, diet, social services, medications, consultants, and wound care- for multiple patients at a time, but also remember where they put their car keys.11. They n eed a doctor’s permission to write you a prescription for extra strength ibuprofen, but are routinely trusted to float catheters through patients’ hearts and veins to monitor them on the regular.†¦At the Expense of Their Own Health12. If they want to eat, they probably have to have the names and phone numbers of all the local take-out places stored in their memory.13. They often arrive at work when it’s still dark out and go home after it’s dark again.14. They feel guilty leaving their patients for the 1o to 30  minutes they (maybe) get to take for lunch.15. They spend 12+ hours a day on their feet and still are told by their own doctors that they should get more exercise.16. They probably have two dozen sets of scrubs, but none without a stain from someone’s bodily fluid.17. More often than not, they won’t get a chair when they need one at the nurses’ station.The Have a Unique Set of Quirks and Everyday Problems18. They might have to choose a doctor for themselves based on whether that doctor is kind to nurses.19. They have to know their patients by diagnosis and room number before they can bother with a name.20. They probably feel naked without their stethoscope, pen, or other crucial implement.21. Their worst nightmares involve anything from losing patients to doctors calling them and they can’t find a patient’s chart.22. They have to learn to read doctors’ â€Å"handwriting.†Bottom line: it’s hard to be a nurse. If you are one, thank you for all you do. If you’re not, go thank a nurse!

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

A Man is Not a Widow (Widow vs. Widower)

A Man is Not a Widow (Widow vs. Widower) A Man is Not a Widow (Widow vs. Widower) A Man is Not a Widow (Widow vs. Widower) By Maeve Maddox Last night, not for the first time, I heard someone refer to a man as a widow. Not only did I hear this usage, I saw it headlined across a Powerpoint slide at the presentation I was attending. In English a widow is a woman whose husband has died. A man whose wife has died is a widower. As widow is feminine in meaning, the regional expression widow woman is a tautology. That is, it says the same thing twice. Another tautology inscribed on a subsequent slide at this same meeting was the 100th Year Centennial. A centennial is the observance of a 100 year anniversary. Ex. The city council announced that the town would observe the centennial of its founding. TIP: As I urged in one of my very first articles for DWT, Let the Word Do the Work! Here are some examples of the redundant widow woman usage around the web: I am 28 year old man.I am attracted by a widow woman who is interested to talk with me deeply. What can I do? I read in the paper that Jesse James held up a train and when he found out a widow woman who was on the train didnt have any money to give him Book In 2017 a movie titled The Widow Man was released, probably increasing the confusion on peoples minds. The careful writer will observe the distinction and avoid the redundancy when using widow and widower. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:15 Terms for Those Who Tell the Future55 Boxing Idioms5 Ways to Reduce Use of Prepositions

Sunday, February 16, 2020

English is seen by some as 'the global language'. Discuss with Essay - 1

English is seen by some as 'the global language'. Discuss with reference to some of the domains in which English is gaining most - Essay Example It is interesting to discuss why English, and why not any other language. According to Crystal David (2003 ) a language achieves a global status only when it develops a ‘special role’ and fulfils certain functions. The ‘power function’ of language expects that it should enable us to gain goods and services in order to live well and lead a good life. The ‘community function’ of language helps us to represent a personal and social identity. The former is a centrifugal force and the latter is a centripetal force. Let us examine how far the English language is successful in playing the ‘special role’ which implies numerous facets, so that it can rightly be called an international language. One hypothesis can be that a language that is the Mother Tongue of people in maximum number of countries can be an international language. But geographically speaking, English is a mother tongue in a handful of nations like USA, Canada, Britain, Irela nd, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa several Caribbean countries and a few others. Yet, we observe that its influence has reached all parts of the world. Hence, being a mother tongue of many nations cannot be a criterion for being qualified as an international language. ... The language adhered to the religion and was retained. English was the language of administration during the British rule and even after Independence, English continued to be used as an official language in more than 70 countries like Ghana, Nigeria, India and Singapore, to mention a few. In the 19th century, England was politically a powerful nation. In the 20th century, its power began to wane and USA became economically dominant. The mother tongue in USA is also English. Political power establishes a language, as it happened in the 19th century. But it is economic power that helps to maintain and expand it. This happened in the 20th century when America became an economic power. It is indeed true that ‘English was at the right place at the right time’. ( Crystal David, 2003 ) The Industrial Revolution and the Electronic Revolution were two important historical events that changed the face of the world. These revolutions were led by British and American scientists. The y brought vast changes in the lifestyle of people all over the world and were two major steps towards globalization. Following these events, English language captured areas like media, advertising, popular music, broadcasting, cinema, computers and internet. In order to stay ‘with the world’, people realized that they had to know the English language. It promoted international relations. English is taught as a foreign language in more than 100 countries today, the chief among them being China, Germany, Spain, Egypt, Brazil, India and an ever increasing number of countries for that matter. A lot of time and money is spent by many countries in teaching English as a foreign language. It is realized by one and all